Elective Thesis
The Bauhaus and Industry. The Dessau School on the Way to Serial Production

Elective Thesis
Lucia Bernini
2021
 



On the occasion of the opening of the Grassimuseum in Leipzig on 30 September 1929, the Bauhaus Dessau designed two living rooms to illustrate the idea of a "people's flat". The miniature flat, developed under the direction of Alfred Arndt, was furnished with furniture and equipment designed at the Bauhaus as models for industrial reproduction. These were produced in series either in the workshops of the school, which was active as a productive enterprise, or - as a result of partnerships between the school and industrial companies - in external factories. This work focuses on two particularly successful products that emerged from the collaboration between Bauhaus and industry: The first collection of Bauhaus wallpaper by the Rasch wallpaper factory and the Kandem bedside lamp No. 680.

Both products were exhibited for the first time in the same interior of the "Volkswohnung". This spatial proximity provides the impetus for placing these products, which are in themselves very different, in a relationship in the larger context of their creation, and for examining them for differences and similarities. As examples of a specific tendency of the Bauhaus to ally itself with industry in the development of serially produced everyday objects, the Bauhaus wallpaper and the Kandem lamp in a sense realise the unification of art and technology called for by Walter Gropius.

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